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Valve Prosthesis–Patient Mismatch

The concept/phenomenon of valve prosthesis/patient mismatch (VP–PM) was first described in 1978.  All prosthetic heart valves have some degree of VP–PM. The original paper (in 1978) that described valve prosthesis–patient mismatch (VP–PM) stated that “Mismatch can be considered to be present when the effective prosthetic heart valve area, after insertion into the patient, is less […]

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Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome

The heart has 4 chambers that pump blood. The 2 upper chambers are the right and left atria, and the 2 lower chambers are the right and left ventricles. The heart also has an electric system that directs the coordinated beating of these 4 chambers. A schematic drawing of the normal heart structure and electric […]

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Questions if you are considering a heart surgery!

What to ask your cardiologist… What   is coronary artery disease? How many heart vessels are blocked? What   are my treatment options and what are the risks and benefits of each? Why   are you recommending this treatment over the others? What   lifestyle changes will I need to make and what community resources […]

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Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart muscle becomes thickened. The symptoms that develop depend on the severity of the condition. The treatment depends on the type of symptoms you have and whether complications develop. Some people need no treatment. Most cases are hereditary so screening of close family members is advised. What happens […]

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Medication after a Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)

  If you have had a myocardial infarction (a heart attack), it is common to be advised to take four medicines for the rest of your life. These are: aspirin (or similar), a beta-blocker, an ACE inhibitor and a statin. These medicines are likely to improve your outlook. Also, an additional antiplatelet medicine (e.g. Plavix) may […]

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Fitness to Drive / Driving Guidelines in Heart Diseases

These recommendations are based on the report of the Canadian Cardiovascular Society’s 2003 Consensus Conference, Assessment of the Cardiac Patient for Fitness to Drive and Fly. They are intended to assist decision-makers in assessing the fitness of cardiac patients to drive and are not intended to diminish the role of the physician’s clinical judgement in […]

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The Warning Signs of a Heart Attack

What are the warning signs of a heart attack? According to the American Heart Association, the classic warning signs are: An uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness, or pain in the center of the chest that lasts for more than a few minutes, then disappears and returns Pain that radiates to the shoulders, stomach, back, arms, neck, […]

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Have a Healthy Heart

No matter your age, your gender, or your past lifestyle, now’s the time to start building a healthier heart. Healthy living can help protect the heart against the ravages of disease and time. Chances are, there’s still room in your life for some heart-healthy changes. Here’s a look at the most important steps to take: […]

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Do I need heart bypass surgery?

The treatment of coronary artery disease depends on many individual factors, including the location of the blockage(s), the size of the coronary arteries and whether the blockages involve short areas of the blood vessel or involving the major part of the blood vessel, whether you have diabetes, and your overall heart function. That’s why you […]

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Preventing a Second Heart Attack

According to the American Heart Association (AHA), one out of 4 men and one out of 3 women who survive a heart attack will die within the following year, most often of cardiac arrest or another heart attack. Therefore, if you are one of those survivors, protecting your heart should be your top priority. By […]

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